What did empire mean to Europeans in the twentieth century, and in what ways have colonialism and its legacies shaped the history of Europe since the end of formal imperial rule between 1945 and 1980? This module looks at postwar Western Europe through an imperial lens, applying new perspectives from the field of postcolonial studies. The module covers three main themes: the question of what empire and its loss meant to the colonisers; migration from former colonies to Europe and its consequences; and the memory, representation and historiography of empire. Focusing mainly on Britain and France but also looking at Belgian, Dutch and Portuguese examples, the module uses a wide range of sources and approaches to explore cultural, social and political aspects of post-colonial Europe.