This module is designed to build on the ES1901 module and develops further methods and concepts in geology. This module will provide an understanding of the optical properties of minerals and how they can be used to understand the formation of rocks; an introduction to geochemical and geophysical methods and data acquisition, and how this information can give more detailed insights into the Earth composition and structure; how weathering and glaciations sculpt the Earth's surface; how to understand the geological record from the interpretation of geological maps; learn about the techniques used in creating a geological map. The module includes a short field trip where some of the techniques covered during the course can be applied to rock formations in Fife.